Cost, Insurance, And Freight Cif Definition

Cost, Insurance, and Freight

Cost, Insurance and Freightmeans that the seller delivers the goods to the buyer on board the vessel or procures the goods already so delivered. FOB is very similar to CIF, except the buyer takes responsibility for the shipment once the merchandise is on the boat. So, they have greater accountability while the items are in transit, such as paying any fees incurred or taking responsibility for any loss of product until the goods reach their final destination. According to a CIF arrangement, the seller is responsible for the product until it reaches the buyer’s port. The seller delivers the merchandise to the ship within the agreed-upon time frame and provides proof of delivery documentation.

FOB contracts are generally more cost-effective because buyers have more control over shipping and insurance. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. CIF is one of the international commerce terms known asIncoterms.

Mr. Smith’s Lunchbox Company in London agrees to deliver 500 lunchboxes to August’s Grocery in Toronto. The lunchboxes arrive at a port in Toronto with a newly instituted a lunchbox tax. With DAP, the seller holds most of the responsibility for the goods, while the buyer takes on the risk once the goods are ready for unloading. In this arrangement, the seller handles both securing a carrier and insuring the goods. Like CPT, the risk transfers to the buyer when the carrier has the goods..

Cost, Insurance, and Freight

A mandatory insurance cover helps to alleviate the concern of the buyer and seller. Paying the loading charges and handling charges at the loading port. CIF and CIP set out new standard insurance arrangements, but the level of insurance continues to be negotiable between buyer and seller. For more details regarding the updated 2020 terms, please speak with your nominated shipping company or refer to the International Chamber of Commerce. CIF is popular among smaller businesses and those new to the shipping game because it allows the buyer to manage a relatively small part of the process, leaving the bulk of the work to the seller. Today, we’ll look at , one of the more common systems. We’ll also check out some alternatives that might work better for you as your business grows.

The Icc And Cost, Insurance, And Freight Cif

Forward and tender with commercial promptness all the documents in due form and with any indorsement necessary to perfect the buyer’s rights. The Sales Agreement terms are based off CIF Incoterms 2010 with pricing referenced from a 2-month average of quoted prices on Asian Metals and Beijing Ruidow Information Technology. Cost, Insurance and Freight is one of the International Commercial Terms’ predefined commercial terms issued by the International Chamber of Commerce . This will eliminate the risk of exchange rate fluctuations and problems with currency conversion. Providing value with quality and regulatory support for retail product development. For a summary of Incoterms 2020 and a short definition of each of the 11 terms, read An Introduction to Incoterms. Helping you navigate the world of insurance by bringing you expert advice and all the current information you need to make the best insurance decisions for you, your family and your business.

Cost, Insurance, and Freight

Vii) The advantage of CIF to the buyer is in making the seller wholly responsible for arranging the shipment. The seller is protected against loss or damage before payment by the insurance policy. The seller can also retain title in the goods beyond the time of shipment and as security against payment by the buyer, so it is easier for the seller to obtain credit at his bank. Once the buyer receives the documents and pays, he can secure credit or resell the goods. However, the goods will cost more on CIF terms than on FOB terms.


Means that the price so includes cost and freight to the named destination. The buyer is responsible for paying the destination handling charges, which is not a bad thing; however, it can create an added hidden cost to the buyer, unless discussed beforehand. There are times when shipping companies who are shipping for costumers under CIF terms will inflate the destination handling charges for the buyer because this is an unavoidable cost. Container Freight Station is the term used at the loading port and means the location designated by carriers for the receiving of cargo to be loaded into containers by the carrier.

  • Use of this rule is restricted to goods transported by sea or inland waterway.
  • Under CIF, the buyer would be at risk since the goods would not be insured while they sit in the container waiting to be loaded on the vessel.
  • The named place where the transfer of responsibility occurs is always on the buyer’s side.
  • Sign up to receive easy to understand updates, events, and guides on international trade.
  • In the US, every importer is required to fulfill the Importer Security Filing, also known as an ISF.
  • The seller also contracts for insurance cover against the buyer’s risk of loss of or damage to the goods during the carriage.

It could be worth checking out CIP instead, which now requires the seller to take out a higher level of insurance. Be careful when using CIF, as the rules aren’t totally intuitive. While the seller pays costs up to the end of the main carriage, the buyer assumes risk at an earlier stage. Under the Sales Agreement, prior to the first shipment of rare earth carbonates, JFMAG will make a pre-payment to Northern Minerals of A$10 million. JFMAG or its nominated beneficiary will be issued 40 million unlisted options at $0.25 exercise price which can be converted to ordinary shares to offset the pre-payment of A$10 million.

International Freight Made Simple Compare Prices In Seconds

Agreement, with the seller holding responsibility for all three. When purchasing internationally, the seller is responsible for exporting the cargo and shipping it until they arrive at the destination port, while insuring the cargo throughout the voyage. Cost, Insurance, and Freight is a very popular arrangement in international trade. In terms of cost, CIF puts more burden on the seller, but in terms of risk, the buyer bears more burden.

With Carriage Paid to, the seller arranges carriage of a product, but they don’t insure it. Once the carrier has the product, all risk and responsibility transfer to the buyer.

Cost, Insurance And Freight Responsibilities And Risk

While you can haggle and negotiate, the seller ultimately has to cover its costs and will likely tack on some buffer to make up for the time spent lining things up. When goods are shipped FAS, the seller’s responsibility ends when the merchandise is brought alongside the vessel (e.g., in a barge) or placed on the dock from which it will be loaded onto the vessel.

  • Once the cargo has been delivered to the buyer’s destination port, the buyer assumes responsibility for the costs of importing and delivering the goods.
  • The seller has full rights to retain the transportation of goods until and unless the buyer does not pay for the goods.
  • Sellers are now required to obtain a higher level or more comprehensive insurance than what was required under Incoterms 2010.
  • The seller handles carrier arrangement, delivery of the goods and the unloading of the goods once they reach their destination, such as a warehouse or terminal.
  • This can be the perfect solution for a business just getting into a new country or one that doesn’t have the time or resources to manage the whole shipping process.
  • To help you identify the most cost-effective way to ship your products.

And therefore, he needs to take insurance for the goods and pay for it, at least for the invoice value . If the buyer wishes for extra cover, they need to convey and get approval from the seller. With all of the C-group terms, including CIF, the seller is responsible for contracting international transportation. The named place where the transfer of responsibility occurs is always on the buyer’s side.


Entry costs and their determination are also a part of negotiating the international sales contract under CIF. Apart from the buyer taking responsibility of the goods after the seller has successfully loaded them on the transport ship, the buyer must also receive the goods from the carrier at the named destination port. A simple misunderstanding may prevent you from meeting contractual obligations or make you responsible for shipping costs you had sought to avoid. But in this arrangement, the seller is only responsible for loading the cargo onto the ship. And not for arranging and paying for the freight and insurance charges.

  • Under EXW, the seller ensures the product reaches a transportation point, such as a port or airport.
  • Apart from the buyer taking responsibility of the goods after the seller has successfully loaded them on the transport ship, the buyer must also receive the goods from the carrier at the named destination port.
  • The responsibility then transfers to the buyer, who has to load the product and handle transit costs.
  • Mr. Smith’s Lunchbox Company in London agrees to deliver 500 lunchboxes to August’s Grocery in Toronto.
  • Once loading has been completed, the risk of loss is transferred from Sony to Best Buy.

Possibly the biggest disadvantage of CIF is when the buyer does not fully understand the terms of this agreement. To the unfamiliar international buyer, this assumption is that the cargo will be delivered to their door when in reality, it is “free shipping to the destination port”.

Let’s explore the individual responsibilities for the seller and the buyer when agreeing to a sale under the CIF incoterm. A CIF contract also proves beneficial for the buyer when dealing with dangerous or hazardous goods. This is because different countries may have different rules for such goods. Where listed, cost allocation between buyer and seller is stated more precisely – one article lists all costs the seller and the buyer are responsible for. This article was first published in March 2017 and has been updated and revised based on the changes made with the release of the Incoterms 2020 rules. Once you’ve figured things out, you can start working on more efficient shipping.

Notices- The contract seller must issue a notice to the buyer confirming the delivery of the goods. The advantage to the buyer is that it does not have to worry about declaring Cost, Insurance, and Freight the shipment to its own insurer. A seller with expertise in local customs that the buyer lacks would likely assume CIF responsibility to encourage the buyer to accept a deal.

Cost, Insurance, and Freight

The buyer assumes full responsibility for the goods as soon as they reach the destination port under a CIF agreement. This means that the buyer may have to assume liability for any extra costs, such as customs fees, and makes payment once it reaches the port of destination.

When To Use A Cif Agreement?

CIF and FOB are helpful since these shipping agreements outline whether the buyer or seller has the responsibility for the freight during the shipment. These terms are important since they indicate which parties are responsible for insurance, freight charges, and which party is held responsible in the event the goods are damaged during transport. When a seller is quoting CIF as their Shipping Incoterms, they agree to take on the full burden of exporting and shipping the cargo, up until the goods arrive aboard the vessel. Once the goods are safely loaded onto the boat, the buyer takes over responsibility for the shipment and assumes responsibility to import and carry the products to the final destination. Marine insurance covers the loss or damage of ships, cargo, terminals, and any transport or cargo by which property is transferred, acquired, or held between the points of origin and final destination. In a CIF agreement, the seller bears all the costs of transporting the goods to the port of destination.

Goods, transportation to the port of destination, and marine insurance . A charge assessed by a shipping terminal or port when goods are moved through the location. Wharfage is one of the costs of transport goods within the distribution system used by a business to bring its goods to market. When quoting a price, make it meaningful to the prospective buyer. For example, a price for industrial machinery quoted “EXW Saginaw, Michigan, not export packed” would be meaningless to most prospective foreign buyers. These potential customers might find it difficult to determine the total cost and, therefore, might hesitate to place an order. You should quote CIF or CIP prices whenever possible, to show the foreign buyer the cost of getting the product to or near the desired destination.

Can Cif Incoterms Be Used For Small Parcel Shipments?

Buyers generally consider FOB agreements to be cheaper and more cost-effective. That’s because they have more control over choosing shippers and insurance limits. Since the seller has more control, they may opt for a preferred shipper who may be more costly. They may also choose higher insurance limits, as they want to ensure that the goods are delivered in excellent condition.

Until the goods are delivered to the buyer’s destination port, the seller bears the costs of any loss or damage to the product. Further, if the product requires additional customs duties, export paperwork, or inspections or rerouting, the seller must cover these expenses. CIF is only designated for ocean freight and waterway shipments. Buyers and sellers wishing to use CIF for air shipments can substitute CIF for CIP, which stands for carriage insurance paid to the destination. With this Incoterm, the seller must insure the cargo to the defined destination.

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *